The Role of Otorhinolaryngologist Doctor in Surgical Treatments


ENT doctors or otorhinolaryngologists act in a seemingly vital capacity in that they are surgeons who deal with various common diseases and affections of the ear, the nose, the throat, the head and the neck.

The importance of surgical procedures conducted by otorhinolaryngologist

Ear surgery

Some common surgical operations regarding the ears are included in otorhinolaryngologists’ activity profiles. Consequently, surgeries such as Tympanoplasty, Mastoidectomy, and Cochlear implantations are sometimes necessary.  They can assist in ear phonation, addition, or decrease of an ear infection, as well as the rectification of balance and equilibrium complications arising from inner ear afflictions.

Nasal and sinus surgery

Septoplasty, which involves correcting a distorted nasal septum, reduction of turbinates for nasal obstruction, and functional endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic Sinusitis, are common elective surgeries carried out by Otorhinolaryngologists. These actions may improve the attempts at calling for air and in fact improve the odds of not catching the flu or a simple cold, not to mention improving the efficiency of the respiratory department in the majority of individuals.

Throat and voice surgery

Vocal abnormality and dysphagia are health conditions that involve the throat and voice, which significantly affect anybody’s communication and swallowing mechanism. Branches of otorhinolaryngologists are surgeries such as tonsillectomy, which entails the removal of the tonsils, Adenoidectomy, which involves the removal of adenoids, and vocal surgery as a result of constant coughing and sleep apnea, or voice complications.

Head and neck cancer surgery

Otorhinolaryngology involves the certification, diagnosis, and management of head and neck carcinomas, including the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, thyroid and salivary glands carcinomas. Some of the surgeries they carry out include Partial or total Laryngectomy- the removal of the larynx; Neck dissection- the removal of lines of lymph nodes; reconstructive operations to remove carcinogenic growths and provide anatomic restitution.

Minimally invasive techniques

Technological improvement, together with research work, has caused a significant enhancement in the work of the otorhinolaryngology operating rooms to adopt minimally invasive surgeries. Some techniques used in Otorhinolaryngology include sinoscopy, balloon sinuplasty, endoscopic sinus surgery, and transoral robotic surgery in case of head and neck malignancies. These methods present less harm to the surrounding tissue, shorter time needed for healing, and fewer threats of adverse effects than the open surgery types.

Pre-operative and post-operative care

Otolaryngologists are capable of diagnosing as well as taking care of their respective patients, they are also tasked with preparing the patients for surgery if the need arises, and in addition to the above they have the responsibility of treating their respective patients after successful surgery. It empowers the otorhinolaryngologist doctor to examine their patients with a view to refer them for a surgical procedure and further expounds on the processes that were put in practice before the surgical process starts or during it, and further evaluates the patients who have undergone through a surgery


Otorhinolaryngologists are extremely useful in carrying out surgeries for these ailments. Their relatively high professional level, specialized technical background, and use of the comprehensive, interrelated approach enable them to provide significant improvements of essential surgical procedures applicable for different diseases.